in: Oxford scholarship online
Over the past 300 years, there have been countless attempts by governments of all types to control fertility and reproduction. Currently, more than 170 countries representing over 85% of humanity are actively trying to engineer how many children a person will have. Democratic, authoritarian, religious, secular, Western, Eastern and African states have all tried with little success to control individual fertility decisions. This book analyses the origins, growth and development of fertility as a national and international political issue; the rise and fall of the discourses used to ascribe meaning to natality; and the global proliferation of isomorphic policies adopted by widely dissimilar states.