The transition to post-industr'ism is marked by increasing pol'al concern for the quality of life. The arts, an important determinant of the quality of life, are affected by this transition in the following ways: growth of mass participation in cultural activities; elaboration of the instit'al framework of the arts; formation of a 'culture lobby'; & pol'alization. Decisionmakers in gov, business, res, & educ must begin to take into account, as one entry in their cost-benefit ledgers, the cultural consequences of their actions. A cultural data system is needed to provide information for rational policy-making in the cultural field & to assist those outside the field in understanding their impact on it. A tentative model is constructed to facilitate the monitoring of qualitative, as well as quantitative, changes in the arts in contemporary society. 15 variables are suggested, which, taken together, comprise an index of the state of health of a nation's culture. Ways are proposed by which changes in these variables can be statistically measured. HA.
Through its embrace of the 'cultural turn' and the 'practice turn' in cultural sociology, recent work in the subfield of arts sociology has helped to advance our understanding of the role of culture in social life through its focus on arts-in-action. Empirically, this focus grew out of earlier work in the production and consumption of the arts, while, theoretically, it resonates with traditions within ethnomethodology, cognitive sociology, and the sociology of science and technology. The authors describe how new work in arts sociology unearths and develops our understanding of aesthetic consciousness, the tacit and often embodied bases of action, cognition, and engagement with cultural forms. This recent emphasis on materials and actions in turn permits critique of rule-based and more overtly cognitive models of agency structure. It also leads some of its proponents into areas that would not normally be viewed as topics for the field. [Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications Inc., copyright 2008 The American Academy of Political and Social Science.]
La presente-acción –que se graba, aquí, en METAL – aborda, a partir de tres enfoques simultáneos, el concepto de arte indisciplinario. Lo indisciplinario se plantea, así, en tres dimensiones posibles: la expansión de los campos disciplinares, la rebeldía implícita en la idea de indisciplina y la discusión acerca de los límites disciplinares a partir de la asunción del espaciotiempo. Al final, se presenta el ejemplo de una obra de arte indisciplinario. ; This present-action –that is recorded, here, in METAL – analyzes, from three simultaneous points of view, the concept of undisciplinary art. Thus, the undisciplinary is set out in three possible dimensions: the expansion of the disciplinary fields, the implicit rebelliousness in the idea of indiscipline and the discussion about disciplinary limits from the acknowledgement of spacetime. At the end, we show an example of an undisciplinary artwork.
A theoretical approach to works of art as autopoietic systems within the larger autopoietic system of society is outlined. The continuity of their self-reproduction is ensured through style. The historicization of style, which made it impossible to measure all works of art against a common standard, emerged at the time when art became autopoietic in itself. Style both ensures the production of elements of art & delimits the field in which this takes place. In the present age, style appears to be on the edge of dissolving into fashion, bringing the situation of art in modern society into question. W. H. Stoddard