Human Rights: An Introduction is an important and particularly timely text that provides a comprehensive overview of human rights and related issues from a social science perspective. First, this book does more than discuss theory, it uses case studies and personal testimonies in the debate. Human rights as an area of academic interest cannot be easily divorced from human rights struggles and the reality of contemporary conditions. Second, the book is aimed at what is an emerging and growing cross-disciplinary field of study. Human rights issues are increasingly coming to the fo.
Machine generated contents note: Preface Acknowledgements 1-Introduction: Thinking about Human Rights 2-Origins: The Rise and Fall of Natural Rights 3- After 1945: The New Age of Rights 4- Theories of Human Rights 5- Putting Law in its Place: the Role of the Social Sciences 6-Universality, Diversity and Difference Culture and Human Rights 7-The Politics of Human Rights 8-Globalization, Development and Poverty: Economics and Human Rights 9-Conclusion: Human Rights in the Twenty-first Century References
Machine generated contents note: 1. Human Rights as a Metaphor 10 -- The Metaphor of Human Rights 10 -- The Grand Narrative of Human Rights 15 -- The Metaphor of the Savage 22 -- The Metaphor of the Victim 27 -- The Metaphor of the Savior 31 -- 2. Human Rights as an Ideology 39 -- The Authors of Human Rights 39 -- A Holy Trinity: Liberalism, Democracy, and Human Rights 44 -- The Conventional Doctrinalists 47 -- The Conceptualizers 56 -- The Cultural Pluralists 64 -- Political Strategists and Instrumentalists 67 -- 3. Human Rights and the African Fingerprint 71 -- Africa in a Rights Universe 71 -- Human Rights in Precolonial Africa 74 -- The Dialectic of Rights and Duties 82 -- The Duty/Rights Conception 84 -- Whither Africa? 92 -- 4. Human Rights, Religion, and Proselytism 94 -- The Problem of Religious Rights 94 -- Demonizing the "Other" 98
Introduction: human rights and anthropology / Mark Goodale -- Conceptual and historical foundations -- Statement on human rights (1947) and commentaries / American Anthropological Association, Julian Steward, H. G. Barnett -- The decline of the nation-state and the end of the rights of man / Hannah Arendt -- The good, the bad, and the intolerable: minority group rights / Will Kymlicka -- Toward a cross-cultural approach to defining international standards of human rights / Abudullahi Ahmed An Naim -- Human rights and capabilities / Amartya Sen -- Anthropology and human rights activism -- Declaration on anthropology and human rights (1999) / American Anthropological Association -- Anthropology, human rights, and social transformation / Ellen Messer -- Excavations of the heart: healing fragmented communities / Victoria Sanford -- Rethinking health and human rights: time for a paradigm shift / Paul Farmer and Nicole Gastineau -- Rotten trade: millennial capitalism, human values, and global justice in organs trafficking / Nancy Scheper-Hughes -- Do anthropologists have an ethical obligation to promote human rights? / Terence Turner, Laura Graham, Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Jane Cowan -- The ethnography of human rights practices -- Representing human rights violations: social contexts and subjectivities / Richard. A. Wilson -- Gendered intersections: collective and individual rights in indigenous women's experience / Shannon Speed -- Human rights and moral panics: listening to popular grievances / Harri Englund -- Legal transplants and cultural translation: making human rights in the vernacular / Sally Engle Merry -- Critical anthropologies of human rights -- Culture and rights after culture and rights / Jane Cowan -- Human rights as cultural practice: an anthropological critique / Ann-Belinda Preis -- Between universalism and relativism: a critique of the UNESCO concept of culture / Thomas Hylland Eriksen -- Toward a critical anthropology of human rights / Mark Goodale -- Appendix: websites on human rights -- Index
The question of how to arrive at a consensus on human rights norm in a diverse, pluralistic, and interconnected global environment is critical. This volume is a contribution to an intercultural understanding of human rights in the context of India and its relationship to the West. The essays in this collection pioneer a distinct approach by examining what it is that the West itself may have to learn from various Indian articulations of human rights as well.
Gathers the results of a number of public opinion surveys on human rights, including the salience of human rights in foreign policy and the situation in the Soviet Union and Korea. Also reports on the coverage of human rights in newspapers. (CP)
Now, for the first time, there is a single reference work that documents the history of human rights worldwide, clearly explains each article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and examines the major human rights issues facing the world today. Comprehensive in scope, Human Rights covers a broad range of human rights issues that are central to an understanding of world history and current affairs.