Informed by coherence theory, it is contended that the narratives used in legal injury cases possess a universal set of particular characteristics & that these characteristics are found within the genre of melodrama. An overview of the melodramatic genre is presented, highlighting the various character types & motifs prevalent in such works & reviewing literary critical accounts of the function of melodrama. Similarities between melodramas & legal injury narratives are illuminated, including (1) the existence of a fundamental plot in which a benevolent & inherently good plaintiff/protagonist is wronged by a malicious & blameworthy defendant/antagonist; (2) the unilateral assertion of blame for the injury; (3) the presence of certain stock characters who fulfill stereotypical roles; (4) the attribution of certain characteristics like weakness & passivity to the plaintiff/protagonist; (5) the gendering & racializing of both principal parties/characters; (6) the articulation of the plaintiff/protagonist's virtue; & (7) the expression of positive emotions toward the plaintiff/protagonist. Future directions for research are offered. 41 References. J. W. Parker
The argument of R. Nozick (Anarchy, State, and Utopia, New York: Basic Books, 1975) that only a state limited to protection against coercion is justifiable, is flawed by Nozick's failure to articulate the substantive laws which the state may enforce. In fact, it is not valid to legitimatize the state by its enforcement of law; rather, law is legitimized by being created by the state, when the state is legitimate. The state's role cannot be limited to remedying acknowledged injuries, but must include determining what is, & what is not an injury. A state which has such powers of discretion cannot be limited in that sense; what is central to legitimacy, rather, is putting control in the proper hands. The people must play a role in deciding what the state's powers will be. The proper procedure is to derive from the state's legitimacy the brakes on its power which must exist for it to remain legitimate. W. H. Stoddard.
Injuries are among the leading causes of child morbidity and mortality worldwide . Because injuries typically are incurred by healthy children engaging in daily activities, they can be particularly devastating to the injured child and his or her family, disrupting otherwise mentally and physically healthy lives with tragic short- and long-term consequences. Despite the implication of the lay term “accident”, injuries are preventable. The global community of scholars and practitioners is slowly creating, discovering, and implementing programs to reduce the burden of injury on the world’s youth. This volume contributes to those objectives. [1.]
Describes the importance of injury research to Dr. Gary Smith, director of the Center for Injury Research & Policy. Contains a story about safety straps on shopping carts from a member of the center. ; Video requires Windows Media Player, RealPlayer, or Flash Player to view. ; Department of Pediatrics ; Center for Injury Research & Policy at The Research Institute of Nationwide Children's Hospital ; Digital Union (The Ohio State University) ; Learning Technology (The Ohio State University)
The purpose of this study was to study the risk for injury and injury pattern in Swedish male elite football and to compare two different injury definitions. A prospective cohort study was conducted during 2001 on all 14 teams (310 players) in the Swedish top division. Injuries and individual exposure were recorded. Injury was defined as time-lost injury (715 injuries) and for comparison as tissue injury (765 injuries). No significant difference in the risk for injury between tissue injuries and time-lost injuries was found during matches (27.2 vs. 25.9 injuries per 1000 match hours, P=0.66) or training sessions (5.7 vs. 5.2 injuries per 1000 training hours, P=0.65). The risk for injury during training was significantly higher during the pre-season compared with the competitive season (P=0.01). Thigh strain was the single most common injury (14%). Knee sprain was the most common major injury (absence >4 weeks). Overuse injuries and re-injuries were frequent and constituted 37% and 22% of all injuries. Re-injuries caused significantly longer absence than their corresponding initial injuries (P=0.02). The risk for re-injury (P=0.02) and overuse injury (P<0.01) was significantly higher during the pre-season compared with the competitive season.