Many misconceptions about the state of affairs in Russia have surfaced since the end of the Cold War; this article seeks to correct these errors. The first erroneous idea is that the Russian economy has collapsed. This is not true; Russians have simply fled low quality in domestic products & have embraced high quality foreign goods. Also, the idea that the market economy was too much too soon is erroneous; problems such as excessive state intervention, corruption, high tax rates, etc, actually point to the need for more reforms. In addition, privatization is not to blame for these deficits; instead, it has provided 70% of the nation's GDP. Russia collects taxes & in fact has instituted a stable flat income tax of 13%, which most people pay. Russia's infrastructure is actually improved: Russia does not need foreign investors. The health care crisis is not as extreme as some say. Russia was not lost by President Clinton. Democracy & the media are the answer to control Russia's elitist tendencies. Bibliog. R. Larsen
In this section on the Capabilities, Trends & Economics of regional military defense capabilities, the military trends & priorities of Russia are assessed. The reform & modernization of the Russian military is asserted to be slowing, as well as a reduced path aspirations for military professionalization, & the retention of conscription. Developments in modernization identify a slow pace of re-equiping for ground forces, but also updates to aerospace reconnaissance systems & successful underwater firing of submarine-launched ballistic missiles. A medium-term outlook is positive for the Russian economy, and increases in and national defense spending & exports of military hardware may be slowed by changing relationships due to China & US sanctions on to of Russia's defense groups. The difficulties of estimating the real scale of Russian military spending is resolved by the application of the PPP approach to calculate Russian military expenditure in US dollars. A detailed assessment follows of Russian military capabilities that inventories troops, organizations by service & equipment, deployment, & foreign forces. Tables. J. Harwell
AT PRESENT, A COMMONWEALTH DOES NOT EVEN EXIST ON PAPER FOR THE FORMER USSR. THE RESIGNATION OF SOVIET PRESIDENT MIKHAIL GORBACHEV IN NO WAY SIGNIFIES THE DESTRUCTION OF THE CENTER, BUT THE TRANSFER OF THE IDEA OF CENTRAL POWER INTO OTHER HEADS. THE KEY ISSUE IS THE UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN RELATIONSHIP, WHICH MEANS THAT RUSSIA HAS YET TO COME TO TERMS WITH THE LOSS OF EMPIRE AND THAT UKRAINE CONTINUES TO PLAY A PRE-EMINENT ROLE IN THE SEARCH FOR RUSSIA'S IDENTITY. THIS ARTICLE EXPLORES THE UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN NEXUS, PROBLEMS OF IDENTITY, AND HOW TO FORGE A NEW UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN RELATIONSHIP.