The involvement and experience of women in any new sphere of life can be the basis for changes in perspectives and the re-prioritization of values. Women’s contributions to the political processes of peace and post-conflict reconstruction in Bougainville acted as a catalyst to changes in perceptions regarding women as decision-makers. It challenged notions of gender equity and attitudes to inclusive political participation. Women's groups were instrumental in working for peace and reconciliation at local, national and international levels. Women created opportunities to stimulate dialogue, participated in peace talks and were part of the constitution building process. Despite their valuable and much recognized contributions women still found themselves greatly under-represented during the 2005 elections. This paper considers the political gains that occurred and their relationship to the engagement of women with political action in the post conflict era; however it will also underscore the reality of limitations to women’s participation. In doing so it takes into consideration the spaces women occupied within the conflict and post-conflict environments. Drawing on aspects of communitarianism as a window through which to frame the women’s movement, the paper reflects upon the development of women’s networks and their subsequent engagement with peace negotiations. Despite this involvement, like the greater majority of nations both rich and poor, political equity eludes the women of Bougainville. For women on the ground however, even the limited gains to date signal a positive trend for the future.
Introduction / Patricia Hart, Karen Weathermon, and Susan H. Armitage -- Weave and mend / Joanne B. Mulcahy -- Sense and responsibility, "la verdad es muda," and "olvidate de todo, menos de mi" / Maribel Sosa -- Of milk and miracles : nursing, the life drive, and subjectivity / Katherine Sutherland -- It takes a global village to raise a consciousness : a stretch of the imagination / Nancy Reincke -- Cherokee women / Roseanna Sneed -- Like a bamboo : representations of a Japanese war bride / Debbie Storrs -- Filming nana : some dilemmas of oral history on film / Connie Broughton -- Fragments from a family album / Shawn Michelle Smith -- Potties, pride, and pc : scenes from a lesbian mothers' group / Anne Aronson -- Gender issues in the Afghanistan diaspora : Nadia's story / Audrey C. Shalinsky -- From the Yazoo Mississippi Delta to the urban communities of the Midwest : conversations with rural African American women / Valerie Grim -- Walls and bridges : cultural mediation and the legacy of Ella Deloria / Janet L. Finn -- A (boarding) house is not a home : women's work and woman's worth on the margins of domesticity / Kari Boyd McBride -- "Broke in spirits" : death, depression, and endurance through writing / Pamela Riney-Kehrberg -- "It is hard to be born a woman but hopeless to be born a Chinese" : the life and times of Flora Belle Jan / Judy Yung -- Appendix: Alternative grouping by topic.
This title argues that political parties fundamentally structure the ways in which women legislators represent women's interests. Using original election, sponsorship and roll call data across the US state chambers, Osborn shows how parties shape the policy alternatives women offer.